May the new year bring us all closer to the day when pain, sickness and sadness are no more. Someone sent in the below article, and it is quite fascinating to learn some history that many are unaware of.
Ever wonder why the world celebrates new years eve/day on January 1st? Â Well, do a little research and you will find that as do so many things they are rooted in Sun worship and in this case the Roman God Janus from who’s name we get January.Â Â The sun, as you may know, is a star. Â Notice how the ‘star,’ the New Year’s ball, is seen coming down to christen a new year. Â This is in direct connection (celebration) to Lucifer as mentioned in Isaiah 14:12, “How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground,Â which didst weaken the nations!” and in Luke 10:18, “And he said unto them,Â I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.” Â As you read on you will see that the papacy had its hand in this one and although Daniel 7:25 is applied toÂ changingÂ theÂ commandments
and the calendar this one fits into the later. Â “And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High,Â and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.”Â Daniel 7:25. Â Just food for thought….
In 46 B.C. the Roman emperor Julius Caesar first established January 1 as New Yearâ€™s day. Janus was the Roman god of doors and gates, and had two faces, one looking forward and one back. Â Caesar felt that the month named after this god (â€œJanuaryâ€) would be the appropriate â€œdoorâ€ to the year. Â Caesar celebrated the first January 1 New Year by ordering the violent routing of revolutionary Jewish forces in the Galilee. Â Eyewitnesses say blood flowed in the streets. Â In later years, Roman pagans observed the New Year by engaging in drunken orgiesâ€”a ritual they believed constituted a personal re-enacting of the chaotic world that existed before the cosmos was ordered by the gods.
As Christianity spread, pagan holidays were either incorporated into the Christian calendar or abandoned altogether. Â By the early medieval period most of Christian Europe regarded Annunciation Day (March 25) as the beginning of the year. Â (According to Catholic tradition, Annunciation Day commemorates the angel Gabrielâ€™s announcement to Mary that she would be impregnated by G-d and conceive a son to be called Jesus.)
After William the Conqueror (AKA â€œWilliam the Bastardâ€ and â€œWilliam of Normandyâ€) became King of England on December 25, 1066, he decreed that the English return to the date established by the Roman pagans, January 1. Â This move ensured that the commemoration of Jesusâ€™ birthday (December 25) would align with Williamâ€™s coronation, and the commemoration of Jesusâ€™ circumcision (January 1) would start the new year – thus rooting the English and Christian calendars and his own Coronation). Â Williamâ€™s innovation was eventually rejected, and England rejoined the rest of the Christian world and returned to celebrating New Years Day on March 25.
About five hundred years later, in 1582, Pope Gregory XIII (AKA â€œUgo Boncompagniâ€, 1502-1585) abandoned the traditional Julian calendar. Â By the Julian reckoning, the solar year comprised 365.25 days, and the intercalation of a â€œleap dayâ€ every four years was intended to maintain correspondence between the calendar and the seasons. Â Really, however there was a slight inaccuracy in the Julian measurement (the solar year is actually 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds = 365.2422 days). Â This slight inaccuracy caused the Julian calendar to slip behind the seasons about one day per century. Â Although this regression had amounted to 14 days by Pope Gregoryâ€™s time, he based his reform on restoration of the vernal equinox, then falling on March 11, to the date had 1,257 years earlier when Council of Nicaea was convened (March 21, 325 A.D.). Â Pope Gregory made the correction by advancing the calendar 10 days. Â The change was made the day after October 4, 1582, and that following day was established as October 15, 1582. Â The Gregorian calendar differs from the Julian in three ways: Â (1) No century year is a leap year unless it is exactly divisible by 400 (e.g., 1600, 2000, etc.); (2) Years divisible by 4000 are common (not leap) years; and (3) once again the New Year would begin with the date set by the early pagans, the first day of the month of Janus – January 1.
On New Years Day 1577 Pope Gregory XIII decreed that all Roman Jews, under pain of death, must listen attentively to the compulsory Catholic conversion sermon given in Roman synagogues after Friday night services. Â On New Years Day 1578 Gregory signed into law a tax forcing Jews to pay for the support of a â€œHouse of Conversionâ€ to convert Jews to Christianity. Â On New Years 1581 Gregory ordered his troops to confiscate all sacred literature from the Roman Jewish community. Â Thousands of Jews were murdered in the campaign.
Throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods, January 1 – supposedly the day on which Jesusâ€™ circumcision initiated the reign of Christianity and the death of Judaism – was reserved for anti-Jewish activities: synagogue and book burnings, public tortures, and simple murder.
The Israeli term for New Yearâ€™s night celebrations, â€œSylvester,â€ was the name of the â€œSaintâ€ and Roman Pope who reigned during the Council of Nicaea (325 A.D..). Â The year before the Council of Nicaea convened, Sylvester convinced Constantine to prohibit Jews from living in Jerusalem. Â At the Council of Nicaea, Sylvester arranged for the passage of a host of viciously anti-Semitic legislation. Â All Catholic â€œSaintsâ€ are awarded a day on which Christians celebrate and pay tribute to that Saintâ€™s memory. Â December 31 is Saint Sylvester Day – hence celebrations on the night of December 31 are dedicated to Sylvesterâ€™s memory.
Excerpts taken from U.S. News and World Report December 23, 1996